تأثیر هشت هفته تمرین تناوبی شدید بر سطوح سرمی C1Q/TNF5، مقاومت به انسولین و درصد چربی در زنان دارای اضافه وزن و غیرفعال

نوع مقاله : علمی - پژوهشی

نویسندگان

گروه تربیت بدنی، واحد بجنورد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بجنورد، ایران

چکیده

زمینه و هدف: C1Q/TNF5 آدیپوکاین جدیدی است که در سوخت و ساز گلوکز و چربی نقش دارد. تمرینات تناوبی شدید (HIIT) یک نوع از تمرینات تناوبی است که در آن فعالیت های شدید بی هوازی با فواصل استراحت کم شدت به صورت متناوب انجام می شود. هدف مطالعه حاضر بررسی تأثیر هشت هفته تمرینات HIIT بر سطوح سرمی C1Q/TNF5، مقاومت به انسولین و درصد چربی در زنان دارای اضافه وزن و غیرفعال بود. روش بررسی: روش پژوهش نیمه تجربی با طرح پیش آزمون- پس‌آزمون بود که تعداد 28 زن دارای اضافه وزن و غیرفعال به صورت تصادفی به دو گروه مساوی 14 نفری کنترل (سن 526/3±142/30 و شاخص توده بدنی 882/0±742/27 کیلوگرم بر متر مربع) و تمرین تناوبی شدید (سن 758/2±928/29 و شاخص توده بدنی 126/1±147/28 کیلوگرم بر متر مربع) تقسیم شدند. گروه تمرین تناوبی شدید دویدن های تناوبی را به مدت هشت هفته و هر هفته سه جلسه با حداکثر سرعت انجام دادند. نمونه‌گیری خون 24 ساعت قبل از شروع تمرین و 36 ساعت بعد از آن انجام و سرم حاصل جهت اندازه‌گیری سطح سرمی C1Q/TNF5 و مقاومت انسولینی مورد استفاده قرار گرفت. داده‌ها با استفاده از آزمون‌های آماری تی زوجی و تی مستقل تحلیل شدند (05/0p<).  یافته‌ها: یافته‌ها حاکی از آن بود که هشت هفته تمرینات HIIT باعث کاهش معنی‌دار سطوح سرمی C1Q/TNF5 (003/0=p)، انسولین (009/0=p) و درصد چربی بدن شده است (003/0=p) ولی در گلوکز ناشتای خون و مقاومت به انسولین تغییر معنی‌دار مشاهده نشد (05/0p>).نتیجه‌گیری: به نظر می‌رسد تمرینات HIIT با کاهش سطوح سرمی C1q/TNF5 و انسولین می تواند عوارض اضافه وزن و چاقی را کاهش دهد.

عنوان مقاله [English]

Effect of eight weeks of HIIT training on serum levels of C1Q/TNF5, insulin resistance, and fat percentage in overweight and inactive women

نویسندگان [English]

  • Sadegh Cheragh-Birjandi
  • Talie Bagheri
Department of Sport Science, Bojnourd Branch, Islamic Azad University, Bojnourd, Iran
چکیده [English]

Purpose: C1Q / TNF5 is a new adipokine that plays a role in the metabolism of glucose and lipids. High intensity interval training (HIIT) is a form of interval training, alternating short periods of intense anaerobic exercise with less intense recovery periods. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of eight weeks of HIIT training on serum levels of C1Q/TNF5, insulin resistance, and fat percentage in overweight and inactive women.
Methods: The research method was semi experimental with pre-test and post-test design that 28 overweight and inactive women were randomly assigned to two equal groups, control group (age 30.142±3.526 and BMI 28.742±0.882 kg/m2) and HIIT group (age 29.928±2.758 and BMI 28.147±1.126 kg/m2). HIIT group performed interval running with maximum speed three days per week for eight weeks. Blood sampling was done 24 hours before and 36 hours after the training, and the blood serum was used for the measurement of C1Q/TNF5 levels and insulin resistance. Data were analyzed by paired t-test and independent t-test (p0.05).
Conclusions: It seems that HIIT training with decrease the serum levels of C1Q/TNF5 and insulin can be a useful strategy to reduce overweight and obesity complication.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • High intensity interval training- C1Q/TNF5- insulin resistance- fat percentage- overweight
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